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Rights of Islam
Jul 16th, 2008 by Ahmed.
THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXTRACT FROM THE TREATISE OF HAZRAT MOULANA ASHRAF ALI THANWI (R.A.) TITLED “HUQOOQUL-ISLAM” (RIGHTS OF ISLAM):
In the book At-targheeb wat-Tarheeb of Imam Asfahaani, a hadith of Hazrat Ali radhiyallahu anhu is narrated wherein the following general rights to be observe mutually among all Muslims are enlisted:
Forgive the mistakes of another Muslim.
Show sympathy over his grief.
Hide his faults.
Accept his excuse.
Remove his difficulty.
Always wish for his well-being.
Safeguard his love.
Have respect for his pacts.
Visit him when he is ill.
Attend his funeral.
Accept his invitation.
Accept his gifts.
Repay his kindness.
Thank him for his favours.
Help him at the time of need.
Protect his wife and children.
Fulfill his needs.
Listen to his requests.
Accept his intercession.
Do not make him despondent in his ambitions.
Say Yarhamukallah upon hearing him say Al-Hamdu-lillah after sneezing.
Return his lost property.
Reply his greeting (Salaam).
Speak to him kindly and courteously.
Treat him kindly.
If one Muslim takes an oath on the strength of the other, it should be honoured by the other.
Help him when he is oppressed, and stop him when he oppresses others.
Be his friend, not his enemy.
Do not disgrace him.
Love for him what you love for yourself.
Greet him (with salaam) when meeting, and, better still, shake his hands.
Never break off ties for more than three days if an argument arises.
Do not be suspicious of him.
Do not be jealous of him nor bear enmity towards him.
Where possible observe amar bil maroof and nahi anil munkar (to command good and prohibit evil) towards the next Muslim.
Have mercy on the little ones and respect the elders.
Create peace between two Muslims whom have had an argument.
Do not backbite another Muslim.
Do not cause harm to his body, wealth or honour.
Help him mount his animal or load his goods on to it when he is unable to do so.
Do not ask him to leave and then take his place.
Two people should not speak in whispers while a third is in their presence.